Ways of Metaphysics
Thomism and Scotism: the never ending Alternative
(FKTh 2014-4, p. 278–289)
New-Thomist-Philosophers in the years from 1950 – 1970 received a fresh impetus for the doctrine of their master, because of a new discovering, that ‚being‘ is a real abundance of perfection. Consequently, what at first is created, is unlimited being, which flows into the creatures and in these things it is limited and receives it´s subsistence. For the ontology of Scotus and Suárez however, being is not the first reality, but only an idea. But this idea or notion of being is the measure and „tertium comparationis“ for the more or less perfection of the things and the infirmity in existing of the creatures. The article demonstrates, that the premises of the two ontologies are very different and that it is therefore useless to critizise one of them from the point of view of the other.