Immanuel Kant or Thomas Aquinas?
On The Incompatibility of Their Philosophical Approaches in Theology
(FKTh 2019-2, p. 81–116)
The present article analyzes the philosophical approaches of two teachers of Fundamental Theology at Freiburg im Breisgau: Joseph Schumacher and Magnus Striet. Following Thomas Aquinas, Schumacher bases faith on reason, insofar as the rational knowledge of God is the logical basis for the acceptation of divine revelation. Striet, on the contrary, orients himself to the philosophy of Kant who refuses rational proofs for the existence of God. Kuttner compares the affirmations of Striet with the theses of modernism prepared by Kant. A transformation of Christian salvific faith into secularism is not acceptable.